WWALS Watershed Coalition

WWALS Watershed Coalition, Inc. (WWALS) is Suwannee RIVERKEEPER® WWALS advocates for conservation and stewardship of the Withlacoochee, Willacoochee, Alapaha, Little, Santa Fe, and Suwannee River watersheds in south Georgia and north Florida through education, awareness, environmental monitoring, and citizen activities.

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Bottle Bills work, and can be further improved 2022-03-15 [Up]

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[Deposit and Reuse]
Deposit and Reuse

Reloop Report

[Cover page: Reimagining the Bottle Bill]
Cover page: Reimagining the Bottle Bill
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Executive Summary

[EXECUTIVE SUMMARY cover page]
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY cover page
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[Every year in the US, $5.1 billion in valuable and reclaimable beverage containers — glass, metal, and plastic — are lost to litter, incinerators, and landfills.]
Every year in the US, $5.1 billion in valuable and reclaimable beverage containers — glass, metal, and plastic — are lost to litter, incinerators, and landfills.
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[Need and Opportunity for Change]
Need and Opportunity for Change
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[Principles of a High-Performing DRS]
Principles of a High-Performing DRS
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[Modeling Impacts: the Potential of a Modernized DRS]
Modeling Impacts: the Potential of a Modernized DRS
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[Modeling Impacts, Continued: the Potential of Modernized DRS]
Modeling Impacts, Continued: the Potential of Modernized DRS
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[Time to Act]
Time to Act
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Full Report

[Letter from the Director]
Letter from the Director
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[Table of Contents]
Table of Contents
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[Introduction]
Introduction
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[Every year in the US, $5.1 billion in valuable and reclaimable beverage containers — glass, metal, and plastic — are lost to litter, incinerators, and landfills.]
Every year in the US, $5.1 billion in valuable and reclaimable beverage containers — glass, metal, and plastic — are lost to litter, incinerators, and landfills.
PDF

[What is Reloop North America?]
What is Reloop North America?
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Circular Economy

[Understanding the Circular Economy]
Understanding the Circular Economy
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[To ensure recycling actually takes place, packaging should not be considered recyclable unless:]
To ensure recycling actually takes place, packaging should not be considered recyclable unless:
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Deposit Return Systems

[Deposit Return Systems: A Tool for Effective Recycling]
Deposit Return Systems: A Tool for Effective Recycling
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[U.S. Recycling Rates by Deposit Status, 2018]
U.S. Recycling Rates by Deposit Status, 2018
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Northeast U.S. States

[Spotlighting the Northeast]
Spotlighting the Northeast
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[The Need for Action]
The Need for Action
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[Can't depend on China anymore]
Can't depend on China anymore
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[Increasing Costs and Logistics Challenges]
Increasing Costs and Logistics Challenges
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High-Performing DRS as Key to Solution

[MODERN, HIGHPERFORMING DRS: A KEY PART OF THE SOLUTION]
MODERN, HIGHPERFORMING DRS: A KEY PART OF THE SOLUTION
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[Even at their peak, curbside recycling programs offered only a partial solution to the US’s waste problem.]
Even at their peak, curbside recycling programs offered only a partial solution to the US’s waste problem.
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[What is a DRS?]
What is a DRS?
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[What is a High Performing DRS?]
What is a High Performing DRS?
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[TEN HIGH-PERFORMING PRINCIPLES]
TEN HIGH-PERFORMING PRINCIPLES
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[Accessible & Accountable]
Accessible & Accountable
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[Industry Financed]
Industry Financed
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[Well Managed & Regulated]
Well Managed & Regulated
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[What Does a High-performing DRS Look Like?]
What Does a High-performing DRS Look Like?
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State-Level Modernization

[MODELING STATE-LEVEL MODERNIZATION IMPACTS]
MODELING STATE-LEVEL MODERNIZATION IMPACTS
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[Methodology]
Methodology
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[Current / Future Conditions]
Current / Future Conditions
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[CONNECTICUT]
CONNECTICUT
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[CONNECTICUT Details]
CONNECTICUT Details
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[MAINE]
MAINE
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[MAINE Details]
MAINE Details
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[MASSACHUSETTS]
MASSACHUSETTS
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[MASSACHUSETTS Details]
MASSACHUSETTS Details
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[NEW YORK]
NEW YORK
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[NEW YORK Details]
NEW YORK Details
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[VERMONT]
VERMONT
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[VERMONT Details]
VERMONT Details
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Regional Impacts of DRS Modernization

[REGIONAL IMPACTS OF DRS MODERNIZATION]
REGIONAL IMPACTS OF DRS MODERNIZATION
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[Regional (Northeast DRS States)]
Regional (Northeast DRS States)
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[Statistics]
Statistics
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[Environment / Climate]
Environment / Climate
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[Healthy and Just Communities, REDUCED GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS]
Healthy and Just Communities, REDUCED GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS
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[LITTER REDUCTION, EQUITABLE AND EASY ACCESS TO RECYCLING SERVICES, IMPACTS ON THE INFORMAL RECYCLING SECTOR]
LITTER REDUCTION, EQUITABLE AND EASY ACCESS TO RECYCLING SERVICES, IMPACTS ON THE INFORMAL RECYCLING SECTOR
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[Economic Impacts]
Economic Impacts
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[Impacts on Municipalities and State Agencies]
Impacts on Municipalities and State Agencies
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[Net cost impacts were calculated using two methods.]
Net cost impacts were calculated using two methods.
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[Findings]
Findings
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[Impacts on Producers]
Impacts on Producers
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[Material Demand and Modernized DRS]
Material Demand and Modernized DRS
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[Producers will also be required to report the number of each product that is sold into the state, and its associated barcode.]
Producers will also be required to report the number of each product that is sold into the state, and its associated barcode.
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THE TRANSITION TO A MODERNIZED DRS

[THE TRANSITION TO A MODERNIZED DRS]
THE TRANSITION TO A MODERNIZED DRS
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[Equitable Transitioning]
Equitable Transitioning
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[Framework Conditions to Encourage Long-Term Materials Recovery Facility Competitiveness]
Framework Conditions to Encourage Long-Term Materials Recovery Facility Competitiveness
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[With advanced technology in place,]
With advanced technology in place,
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[Addressing the Informal Sector]
Addressing the Informal Sector
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[Modernized DRSs Enable the Transition to Refillables]
Modernized DRSs Enable the Transition to Refillables
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[Modernized DRSs solve a host of the challenges faced by the recycling sector and also can act as a critical stepping stone away from single-use containers.]
Modernized DRSs solve a host of the challenges faced by the recycling sector and also can act as a critical stepping stone away from single-use containers.
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Conclusion

[CONCLUSION]
CONCLUSION
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[Bottle bills are difficult to reform (and to establish), largely owing to:]
Bottle bills are difficult to reform (and to establish), largely owing to:
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[Key Stakeholder Considerations]
Key Stakeholder Considerations
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[All stakeholders face challenges with understanding what DRS “modernization” really looks like]
All stakeholders face challenges with understanding what DRS “modernization” really looks like
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[Reloop has spearheaded this groundbreaking research into best practices in DRSs all over the world and identified the 10 high-performance principles]
Reloop has spearheaded this groundbreaking research into best practices in DRSs all over the world and identified the 10 high-performance principles
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[Implementation of these principles in the five targeted states will result in:]
Implementation of these principles in the five targeted states will result in:
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[Ensuring an equitable transition is critically important and will require localized planning and further research.]
Ensuring an equitable transition is critically important and will require localized planning and further research.
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[We have a solution that works: modern, effective DRS.]
We have a solution that works: modern, effective DRS.
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Appendix

[APPENDIX]
APPENDIX
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[NOTES]
NOTES
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[Fin]
Fin
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