Flying over the affected area appears to have made at least one elected official think harder about whether the supposed titanium mining jobs could be more important than the effects on the Okefenokee National Wildlife Refuge, both its economic importance and the potential environmental detriments to the swamp, to the Suwannee and St. Mary’s Rivers, and to the Floridan Aquifer. You can still write to the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers asking for denial or at least an Environmental Impact Statement.
Gordon Jackson, The Brunswick News, 28 August 2019, Getting the aerial perspective on a titanium mining project,
Photo: Jim Tatum, of the Chemours North Maxville Mine, Baker County, Florida. This is the mine pictured in the Brunswick News article.
…The mining company Twin Pines Minerals, LLC [(TPM)], said it plans to employ 150 people, but [Georgia State Representative John] Corbett acknowledged most of the employees will not come from Charlton County.
Corbett went on a two-hour flight Saturday to get an aerial perspective of the area where the proposed mining project will take place and also to look at a titanium dioxide mining project near Starke, Fla., to see the potential impacts if Twin Pines gets permission to start mining operations for at least the next eight years.
He was accompanied by Rena Peck Stricker, executive director of the Georgia River Network, and Ashley Beasley, a biological scientist for the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission.
Stricker said she is not opposed to mining, but the risks are too great for the Twin Pines project.
“Titanium is a common mineral, but the Okefenokee is an uncommon swamp,” Stricker said. “It’s a national icon.”
Stricker said her concern is the impacts to hydrology in the swamp, as well as the impacts to wildlife from the constant noise, artificial lighting and vehicle traffic.
“How is the wilderness experience going to be with all the lights and noise?” she asked.
Another concern is mining could lower water levels in the swamp, drying out highly flammable peat that would increase the risk of damaging wildfires spreading to commercial timberland. An estimated 7,000 feet of creek will be removed as a result of the mining process, Stricker said.
“If it dries up and catches on fire, it will hurt the timber industry,” she said. “In addition to directly impacting more than 500 acres of wetlands, the mine threatens to permanently change the hydrology of the refuge and pollute key habitats for many species. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is on record stating that impacts from the mine may not be able to be reversed.”
Lower water levels could also impact the ability of paddlers to reach overnight camping platforms in the swamp.
Beasley said mining could impact a wildlife corridor established between the Okefenokee and Osceola National Forest in North Florida.
“The surrounding areas are also utilized by wildlife,” she said. “It’s part of the heartbeat of Florida.”
Unlike DuPont, the company that abandoned similar plans to mine titanium near the swamp two decades ago, Stricker questioned if the Twin Pines has the bonding and financial resources to pay for the costs of an environmental cleanup.
During the flight, passengers in the Piper Cherokee 6 flew over the titanium mines north of Starke, Fla., to view the impacts. The area showed mining in different stages as large pits are dug, the heavy minerals are extracted and the pits are backfilled.
Indeed, north of Starke, not as far south as Starke, because that would have taken too long to do two flights in a morning. That mine pictured in the newspaper article and above is the Chemours North Maxville Mine in Baker County, Florida. On the map below, it’s the fourth mine from the bottom, with the TPM proposed site in the middle, and towards the top the Southern Ionics (now Chemours) Mission Mine South in Charlton County, Georgia. The plane also flew over those last two sites.
The four southernmost mines on that map are all under a Consent Order by the Florida Department of Environmental Protection, and both Chemours and TPM are named.
Back to the news story:
Some opponents are calling for an environmental impact study to determine if the swamp’s hydrology could be affected by mining.
You, too, can call for an EIS, by commenting to the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers.
“I’m concerned natural drainage flows could be impacted,” she said. “We need a hydrological study.”
Any damage to the swamp could put 753 full and part-time jobs dependent on the swamp at risk, outweighing the 150 jobs Twin Pines said it will provide.
“Georgia River Network is not anti-mining, but it is against mines that threaten Georgia’s rivers and waters,” Stricker said. “This mine represents such a threat. Just like proposed mines in Alaska’s Bristol Bay or in Minnesota’s Boundary Waters, some areas are too special to be put at risk by short-term profiteers. The Okefenokee is such a place.”
After the flight, Corbett said it was educational.
“It’s a different perspective seeing it from the air,” he said. “There are still a lot of questions.”
Thanks to Rena Peck Stricker, Executive Director of Georgia River Network (GRN), for inviting reporter Gordon Jackson on the 8AM flight. I invited Rep. John Corbett. I also invited Jim Tatum of Our Santa Fe River (OSFR), who took many more pictures on the 10 AM flight; see wwals.net/pictures/2019-08-24–jim-tatum-southwings-okefenokee-tpm.
That flight took off from Waycross-Ware County Airport, because the online AirNav listing for 3J6 Davis Field Airport at Folkston, GA still says there are trees obstructing the end of the runway. At yesterday’s first Work Session for the periodic revisions to the Charlton County Comprehensive Plan, Charlton County Administrator Hampton Raulerson said he had supervised trimming those trees to regulation height, so that shouldn’t be an impediment for further flights.
The comment deadline was May 28, 2020, according to SAS-2018-00554 Twin Pines Minerals, Published April 13, 2020, Expiration date: 5/28/2020.
“The Savannah District will hold a virtual Public Meeting for the Twin Pines project on May 13, 2020 from 2:00 PM to 5:00 PM EDT. The meeting will consist of a formal presentation followed by a question and answer session. The meeting will be recorded and published to the Savannah District public website. To allow time for the public to submit questions and RSVP to the public meeting, as well as comment on any information presented at the meeting, additional public comments will be accepted and the original public notice will remain open until May 28, 2020, 15 days after the virtual public meeting.”
However, you can write to your elected officials. And the Corps apparently actually continues to read comments after the deadline, right up until they make a decision. While you are at home because of the novel Coronavirus (COVID-19), you have a great opportunity to write a comment, and to You can also post your comments on social media, as op-eds, etc.
You can ask the Corps and other elected and appointed officials to deny the application, or to require an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) to consider wider areas the mine may affect, especially the entire Okefenokee Swamp, the Suwannee and St Marys Rivers, and the rest of Trail Ridge in Georgia. You can ask for the EIS to include other mines relevant to this one, especially the four Chemours titanium strip mines in north Florida for which TPM, along with Chemours, is under a Florida Consent Order for a range of violations. You may want to ask for inclusion of the existing phosphate mine in Hamilton County, Florida, next to the Suwannee River, as well as the one proposed in Union and Bradford Counties, Florida, next to the New and Santa Fe Rivers, tributaries of the Suwannee. All those mines affect the Floridan Aquifer, which is the main source of water for drinking, agriculture, and industry for everyone in south Georgia and north Florida.
To comment, or to request a public hearing, you can write to
Commander, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Savannah District,
Attention: Ms. Holly Ross, 1104 North Westover Boulevard, Suite 9, Albany, Georgia, 31707,
or by email to CESAS-SpecialProjects@usace.army.mil or email@example.com.
In your comments please refer to:
Applicant: Twin Pines Minerals, LLC, Application Number: SAS-2018-00554.
For the requested state permit regarding Section 401 of the Clean Water Act, you can send a comment or request for public hearing to
Stephen Wiedl, Wetlands Unit, firstname.lastname@example.org
Georgia Department of Natural Resources, Environmental Protection Division, Water Protection Branch, 7 Martin Luther King, Jr. Drive, Atlanta, Georgia 30334.
For the Georgia Coastal Management Program certification, you can send a comment to
Federal Consistency Coordinator, Ecological Services Section, Coastal Resources Division,
Georgia Department of Natural Resources, One Conservation Way, Brunswick, Georgia 31523-9600
The public announcement says: “The applicant may also require assent from the State of Georgia, which may be in the form of a license, easement, lease, permit, or other appropriate instrument.”
You can write to your Georgia state representative or senator
or governor or lieutenant governor and ask them to refuse any such instrument.
To find your legislator you can type in your ZIP code here: http://openstates.org/find_your_legislator/
You can also write to your U.S. Representative or Senator and ask them to urge the Corps to reject this mine or at least require an EIS, like Rep. Al Lawson (FL-05) already did.
You can also write to the Georgia DNR board, asking them to refuse any such instrument.
Georgia Board of Natural Resources
2 Martin Luther King Jr. Drive, SE, Suite 1252, Atlanta, GA 30334
You can write to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) asking them to ask the state of Florida to comment.
To: Mary S. Walker, Regional Administrator, email@example.com
Jeaneanne Gettle, Director, Water Division, firstname.lastname@example.org
Blake Ashbee, Chief of Staff, email@example.com,
Carol Kemker, Director, Enforcement & Compliance Assurance Division, firstname.lastname@example.org
Region 4, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
Cc: Gregory J. Strong, Director, Northeast Division, Greg.Strong@dep.state.fl.us
Noah Valenstein, Director, Noah.Valenstein@dep.state.fl.us
Florida Department of Environmental Protection (FDEP)
Col. Daniel Hibner, Commander, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers,Savannah District
Attention: Ms. Holly Ross, email@example.com,
1104 North Westover Boulevard, Suite 9, Albany, Georgia 31707
Stephen Wiedl, Wetlands Unit, firstname.lastname@example.org
Georgia Department of Natural Resources, Environmental Protection Division,
Water Protection Branch, 7 Martin Luther King, Jr. Drive, Atlanta, GA 30334
Re: Applicant: Twin Pines Minerals, LLC, Application Number: SAS-2018-00554
Dear Administrator Walker and Director Gettle,
Here is the pithy request sent by Waterkeepers Florida:
We request EPA to determine, according to 33 CFR § 325.2(b), whether the mining activities of the applicant may affect the quality of the waters of the state of Florida and to notify the state of Florida, the district engineer, and the applicant that Florida therefore “has 60 days from receipt of EPA's notice to determine if the proposed discharge will affect the quality of its waters so as to violate any water quality requirement in such state, to notify EPA and the district engineer in writing of its objection to permit issuance, and to request a public hearing.”
To submit a letter to the editor of the Charlton County Herald,
you can email email@example.com.
Or write to your local newspaper.
You can also contact radio, TV, and of course post on social media.
-jsq, John S. Quarterman, Suwannee RIVERKEEPER®
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